Canadian regulations

Canadian regulations and licences

Introduction

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Hunting is subject to many regulations that vary according to the province you live in. The federal government is responsible for firearms and all matters connected with them (i.e. training, transportation, licences, registration, licence to own, and licence to acquire), as well as certain hunting regulations such as hunting migratory birds. The provinces, for their part, are responsible for hunting regulations: retrieving prey, wild game, hunting licences, hunting zones, and general regulations.

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Canadian regulations

CONSULT THE GOVERNMENT’S WEBSITE FOR THE MOST UP-TO-DATE LAWS AND REGULATIONS

At the federal level, firearms are mostly regulated by the Firearms Act and Part III of the Criminal Code. The Firearms Act and Regulations sets the rules pertaining to owning a firearm in Canada. The Criminal Code and its regulations list the different types of firearms, weapons, and devices regulated by the Firearms Act. The Criminal Code and the Firearms Act classify the offences and penalties for illegal possession or improper use of a firearm. For example, anyone not having registered a restricted or prohibited firearm, or having used a firearm to commit a crime could be charged under the Criminal Code.

Provinces, territories, and municipalities can also enact other laws and regulations applicable to their territory. For example, the provinces are responsible for regulating hunting. They can impose hunting zones or restrictions on the calibre or gauge of firearms allowable for hunting particular game. According to the Firearms Act, the authorization to use and registration of a firearm can be compared with a driver’s licence and vehicle registration, respectively. Firearms licences serve as proof that the licence holder meets the various public safety requirements and is authorized to own and use a firearm. A registration certificate is required for restricted or prohibited firearms; it identifies a firearm and its owner, providing a means to locate the firearm. Hunting with a handgun is prohibited in Canada.

Federal licences

  • The Canadian Firearms Safety Course (CFSC)
  • Canadian Restricted Firearms Safety Course (CRFSC) (prerequisite: CFSC)
  • Possession and Acquisition Licence (PAL) (prerequisite: CFSC)
  • Migratory Game Bird Hunting Permit
  • Authorization to transport a restricted or prohibited firearm (ATT)

References:

www.rcmp-grc.gc.ca/en
https://www.canada.ca/en/migratory-game-bird-hunting
http://www.rcmp-grc.gc.ca/csfc-crsfc
http://www.rcmp-grc.gc.ca/authorization-to-transport

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Government websites

 

OFFICIAL WEBSITES